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Bats are susceptible to rabies, a serious viral disease that results
in death if untreated. If you are bitten by a possibly rabid animal,
you must immediately consult a doctor for a series of injections;
there is no cure once symptoms emerge
The Eastern Red Bat (Lasiurus Borealis)
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The Eastern Red Bat (Lasiurus Borealis)

This is a medium-sized Vespertilionid, averaging weights of 9.5-14 g and measurements of 112.3 mm in total length. Adults are usually dimorphic: males have red hair while females are chestnut-colored with whitish frosting on the tips of the fur. Like most Vespertilionids, eastern red bats are insectivorous. Moths (Lepidoptera) form the majority of the diet, but red bats also prey heavily on beetles (Coleoptera), flies (Diptera), and other insects. Echolocation calls have low minimum frequencies, but calls are highly variable ranging from (35-50 kHz). Eastern red bats are best suited for foraging in open spaces due to their body size, wing shape, and echolocation call structure. However, red bats are frequently captured by researches foraging over narrow streams and roads. Mating likely occurs in late summer or autumn and the sperm is stored in the female's reproductive tract until spring when ovulation and fertilization occurs. In June, females usually give birth to three or four young and then roost with their young until they are weaned. Males roost alone throughout the Summer. High temperature demands associated with gestation and rearing young may limit the northern range for reproductive females. Eastern red bats often roost amongst live or dead leaves on the branches of live hardwood trees, but have also been found using loblolly pine trees in pine plantations.

Eastern Small Footed Myotis
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The Eastern Small-Footed Myotis (Myotis leibii)

The Eastern Small-footed Bat is a species of vesper bat in the Vespertilionidae family. It can be found in Ontario and Quebec in Canada and in the eastern United States. It is among the smallest bats in eastern North America. The Eastern Small-Footed Bat is 65–95 mm in total length, and weighs between 4–8 grams. It has a 25–45 mm (1–1.75") tail length, has a 210–250 mm (8.3-9.2") wingspan. Like all bats, the Eastern Small-Footed Bat has a flight membrane that connects the body to the forelimbs and tail, which creates the bats flight. Its ears are under 15 mm (0.6"). Its fur is soft and silky, colored yellowish tan to golden brown . Its belly is gray, while its face, ears, wings, and interfemoral membrane are black. Its distinguishing characteristics are its black face mask, and its tiny 7–8 mm (0.3") hind feet.The Eastern Small-Footed Bat ranges from The Northeastern United States and Canada down to Georgia and across to Oklahoma. They are active in mountainous regions from 240 to 1125 meters, preferring deciduous or coniferous forests. They may roost in rock bluffs, buildings, and turnpike tunnels during the spring and summer. They hibernate during winters in caves and mines, hanging near the opening, or moving deeper as winter temperatures drop. Little is known about the reproductive habits of the Eastern Small-Footed Bat. Mating usually occurs in Autumn, and the sperm is stored within the female until spring, when fertilization occurs. The offspring are born in late May to July.

Northern Long Eared Myotis
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Northern Long-Eared Myotis

Northern long-eared bats (Myotis septentrionalis) are small bats, typically 5-10 g and 84 mm in total length [2]. The fur is dull brown on the dorsum and yellowish on the venter. Compared to other Myotis species, these bats have long ears with a relatively long tragus in each ear.

Females give birth to 1 pup each summer and often form large maternity colonies (30-60 individuals) consisting mainly of females and their young. In the fall, northern long-eared bats migrate to caves to hibernate. Migration distances are not known for this species. Northerns are often found roosting singly in caves, rather than in the large clusters typical of other Myotis species, like Myotis sodalis.

Northern long-eared bats are well-suited to foraging in the forest interior. Echolocation calls have a classic frequency-modulated (FM) structure that allows these bats to navigate through cluttered environments. Further, their small size allows for more agility in dense vegetation. Long ears allow northerns to find even stationary insects. Northerns' diets are focused on moths (Lepidoptera), which they often capture by gleaning, or plucking, the insects from a surface. Gleaning is a unique foraging habit for insectivorous bats since many capture their prey in flight. This species is found primarily in coniferous forest from Newfoundland to the Yukon, and in the southeastern United States through to Florida. Specimens have been found as far west as British Columbia and Texas

Rafinesques Big Eared Bat
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Rafinesque's Big-eared Bat

The Rafinesque's Big-Eared Bat (Corynorhinus rafinesquii) is a species of vesper bat in the Vespertilionidae family that occurs in the southeastern United States, and the states of Texas, Oklahoma, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio.. Corynorhinus rafinesquii is a medium-sized bat with long rabbit-like ears (27-37 mm). This bat has large facial glands protruding from each side of its snout. Its fur is grayish brown above and conspicuously bicolored underneath; each individual hair has a dark brown base and whitish tip. Its long toe hairs extend past the claws. It has a forearm length of 39-43 mm and weighs 7-13 g. The similar Townsend's big-eared bat lacks contrasting bicolored ventral fur and long toe hairs. Rafinesque's big-eared bat inhabits forests and streamside areas throughout the southeastern United States. These agile flyers may be less frequently seen than some other bats because they leave their roosts only when it is completely dark, forage for insects in the dark, and return to their roosts before sunrise. Curiously, they prefer roosting in locations that have some amount of light. Their range overlaps that of several other forest-dwelling bats, such as the eastern pipistrelle, the big brown bat, and some members of the genus Myotis. Rafinesque's Big-eared Bats are one of the least known bats in the southeastern United States. Like all bats, big-eared bats help make our lives more comfortable by eating millions of bugs, especially mosquitoes, every night. This bat uses its big ears and echolocation to help it find food. Because Rafinesque's Big-eared Bats feed on insects that can be harmful to agriculture, people should treasure this animal. However, their numbers seem to be declining and they have been listed as threatened since 1977. As people learn more about the role bats play in managing insect populations, perhaps they will understand the importance of protecting bat roosts. Like all mammals, bats can contract rabies, but they are no more susceptible to the disease than raccoons, skunks or even dogs. Just like other animals, bats will bite if they feel threatened. If you find a bat on the ground (rabies immobilizes the animal sometimes), don't try to help it. Leave it alone and call a game warden. The warden will be able to take care of the animal appropriately. Roost temperature requirements for maternity colonies, as well as hibernating groups, are poorly understood. Most remaining colonies live in old buildings that soon may be lost. More detailed nowledge of roost requirements is essential in order to provide artificial roosts. Feeding habitat requirements also remain poorly documented.

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Please remember when dealing with a Wildlife problem, it is always advisable to contact a professional, such as ourselves, for Safety and Health Reasons before you attempt to resolve any problem that might be present. When dealing with the exclusion of bats it is advisable to hire a professional who will be able to remove ALL THE BATS without danger to you, secure your residence, sanitize the area affected, and if needed remove and replaced your contaminated insulation. Always remember that your dealing with a WILD ANIMAL and your health and your families health MUST BE your 1st concern

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